Astronomy is the study of the Universe! Scientists investigate the solar system, the stars, galaxies and everything in between to gain a better understanding of our planet!
telescopes, moon phases,eclipses, stars, galaxies and universe, seasons, gravity and inertia

400 Years of the Telescope Booklet Project

Helpful Links
Telescopes from the Ground Up

There is an abundance of information that can be found here.
MSN Encarta

On line encyclopedia that is ALLOWED and can be very useful
for information and images.
NASA Homepage

Great site that will give you all of the information you need and then some!
The Hubble Site
Lots and lots of information on the Hubble telescope!!!
South Pole Telescope Info. Here
Ok Kids, I know that many of you could not find information on the South Pole Telescope. YOU ALL CAN THANK "PEACHY BOY" FOR THESE! He made me aware that this was a particularly difficult telescope to research , , ,

Have fun and be safe this Halloween weekend!
South Pole here too!

South Pole Telescope here as well!

W.M. Keck Observatory
Click here to find what group of people developed the Keck telescopes.

Create a very "Kool" collage for your project . . .

Free bibliography maker in MLA FORMAT

Stars, Galaxies and the Universe

Galaxy Classification
Let's learn about the different types of galaxies and how Edwin Hubble classified them into a simple diagram called the Hubble Tuning Fork. Download the student sheet
Galaxies Galore Games and More
Have fun testing your knowledge at this site!
Understanding the Universe
Learn about light years, galaxies and more!

The Solar System - Inner Vs Outer Planets Webquest
Our Solar System
You will find sooooooo much information at this site. Just click on the names of individual planets and read on to locate all of the background that you need.
Enchanted Learning
There are many graphs of important information here as well as much background on th e inner and outer planets.
Star Child A Learning Center

The Solar System: Astronomy for Kids

The Inner Terrestrial Planets
The Outer Jovian Planets

The Moon
Lunar Facts

Moon Phases Webquest
Phases of the Moon

Phases of the Moon Video
Watch the video clip on the moon and listen carefully to the explanation for why it appears to change over the course of a month. Answer all questions on the worksheet and read chapter 1 sect. 3 to gain additional background on the moon and the reason for its phases!
Current Moon Phase
What to do if it is too cloudy and you can not make your observation of the moon? Click on the Current Moon Phase link to the left ant you can obtain an image of the current phase of the moon for any given day!
Moon Phase Animation
Watch as the moon revolves around the Earth and how its position relative to the Earth and sun cause the moon phases.
Moon Phase Video Clip
The moon rotates on its axis at the same rate that it orbits the Earth. Learn how this orbital interaction causes the moon's appearance to change as each month progresses.
Moon Challenge
Challenge yourself to place the phases of the moon in the correct sequence.
More Moon Phases games
Flashcards, concentration, matching & word search on phases
Moon Phase Calendar
Find out the current, future and past moon phase at this site.

Solar and Lunar Eclipse
Solar and Lunar Eclipse Webquest
Visit this website to answer questions 1-5 - Solar Eclipses for Beginners:

Visit this website to answer questions 6-10- Lunar Eclipses for Beginners:
Solar Eclipse Animation
Solar eclipses occur when a new moon passes directly between Earth and the sun. These eclipses are observable only within or near the path where the moon's shadow falls on Earth.
Solar Eclipse explained with animation

A solar eclipse occurs when the Sun, the Moon and the Earth all line up. The Moon blocks the light of the Sun, and casts a shadow on the Earth.
Solar Eclipse Video Clip
The definition of the solar eclipse and the process of seeing the sun's corona is explained on this clip from Discovery Channel's "Assignment Discovery."
Lunar Eclipse Visualization
Lunar eclipses occur when a full moon passes through Earth's shadow. Earth's shadow has two parts—the inner full shadow, or umbra, and the outer partial shadow, or penumbra. The moon darkens as it passes through the penumbra, then turns reddish-orange while within the umbra.
Lunar Eclipse Video Clip
Watch this NASA video showing how lunar eclipses work. This video is geared for kids and it illustrates when lunar eclipses occur - when the Earth's shadow falls on the moon - and why lunar eclipses only happen a few times a year.

Earth, Moon & Ocean Tides
Moon & Tides Video
Tides are produced by the pull of gravity from the moon. Tide levels may vary by several feet depending on the depth of the water and the surface features.
Waves & Tides Video
This video focuses on waves and tides. Watch the part on tides!
Reasons for the Seasons WebQuest
You've Been Hired!!
An educational publishing company hired YOU to produce posters for middle school science classrooms. Your first poster is to be one that shows the causes of seasons on Earth. Since many students have wrong ideas (misconceptions) about what causes seasons, it is very important that your poster is accurate.

Your poster will answer the question, “What causes the seasons?”.

Before you can start your poster, you must research two things:
-student ideas and misconceptions about seasons
-the science behind the seasons.

Part 1: Misconceptions about the Seasons

Research the websites provided below to view common misconceptions students may have about the seasons.
. Phil Plait’s Bad Astronomy - Misconceptions (read question & answer):

. Seasons Misconceptions (read Seasons Misconceptions paragraph):

. Common Misconceptions

. Some Common Misconceptions

. The Seasons

List four misconceptions on the provided worksheet.

___ Mrs. Saul's Initials (YOU CANNOT GO ON WITHOUT IT!)

Part 2: Earth’s Tilt

Guiding Question: How does the Earth's tilt affect the seasons?

Use the websites below to help create a set of notes explaining how Earth's tilt affects all four seasons in New Jersey.

Include the following in your notes using bullet points and illustrations:
  • . the shape of Earth’s orbit
  • . the significance of Polaris
  • . Earth’s tilt with the axis drawn correctly
  • . the Sun’s position in relation to Earth
  • . Earth’s tilt on its orbit as it revolves
  • . the effects of direct/indirect sunlight
  • . the names of the seasons and special days of the year

. Earth's Tilt Is the Reason for the Seasons!

. Earth’s Revolution and Sun Angle

. Earth’s Tilt and the Seasons

. Seasons and the Tilt

___ Mrs. Saul's initials (YOU CANNOT GO ON WITHOUT IT!)

Part 3: The Seasons Poster

Now, you are ready to make your poster!
The Earth’s seasons change as it revolves around the Sun.

  • The Earth’s seasons change as it revolves around the Sun.
  • Where is the Earth when it is summer, winter, fall, and spring?
  • Does the Earth tilt toward or away from the Sun?
  • How does the Earth’s tilt affect the seasons?
  • A labelled illustration of the Earth revolving around the Sun throughout the year that shows Earth’s locations during the equinoxes and solstices.

There are additional websites below to continue your research. Your paycheck will depend on how many accurate items are included in your poster.

. Earth’s Appearance Different Times During the Year

. Seasons Interactive

. Seasons Interactive II

. Observe Seasonal Changes

You must include the following on your poster to get your full paycheck*:
  1. . Title of poster ($1)
  2. . Neatness & color ($2)
  3. . Sun ($1)
  4. . Earth in four different locations ($4)
  5. . Labels for winter, spring, summer, and fall ($4)
  6. Labels for 2 Equinox and 2 Solstices
  7. . Tilt ($4)
  8. . Color in day and night on all 4 Earths ($4)
  9. . Short paragraph attached explaining the reasons for the seasons ($4)
  10. . Put your name and period on the back of your poster ($1)

*Fine Print: Your paycheck will be the paid in points in your assessment grade. : )

Gravity and Orbits